|First Year Leaf|
|Second Year Flower|
Leaves: Stem leaves are alternate and triangular in shape, have large teeth, and can be 2 to 3 inches across in fruiting plants.
Leaves: First year plants consist of a cluster of 3 or 4 round, scallop edged leaves rising 2 to 4 inches in a rosette.
Flowers: Second-year plants generally produce one or two flowering stems with numerous white flowers that have four separate petals.
Odor: Leaves and stems of plant have strong, garlic odor when crushed
Fruit: Fruits are slender capsules 1 to 2.5 inches long that produce a single row oblong black seeds with ridged seed coats.
You can also spray garlic mustard in very late winter/early spring on a day that rises about 40 Degrees F with a glyphosate solution. It is important to know your plant ID to make sure that you are not harming other native spring ephemerals when spraying the garlic mustard. This is best to use in a very large infestation and before anything else has started to grow. It is amazing to see the effect that the removal of this plant has on your landscape, and on the natives in the seed bank beginning to flourish.