Hand pulling is an effective method for many shrubs when in the young seedling stage, after which a tool or other method is often needed to remove strong roots. Plants should be pulled as soon as they are large enough to grasp but before they produce seeds. Seedlings are best pulled after a rain when the soil is loose. The entire root should be removed to avoid re-sprouting.
For E. alatus, mowing or clear cutting of an infestation will typically result in increased density and root sprouts. Effective removal of burning bush by mowing will only happen if it is followed up by a chemical application.
The recommended method for removing E. alatus is to cut the shrub at ground level with a pair of lopers, folding saw, or chain saw, and then paint the stump with a non-dilute glyphosate solution. The best method to use is to mark and fill an old mustard bottle with the herbicide and squeeze it on the stump immediately after it is cut. This can be done at any time of the year, but to reduce the spread of the shrub it should be done before the seeds are matured (Sept-Oct) or the trees should be bagged to remove the seed source.